F1 2022 engines: where are the drivers at the Hungaroring?

F1 2022 engines: where are the drivers at the Hungaroring?

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Formula 1 engine regulations require each driver to use a certain number of components over an entire season. Beyond that, drivers are automatically penalized on the grid for each new part that exceeds the quota.

To begin with, a power unit in F1 is made up of seven different elements:

  • Internal combustion engine (ICE)
  • Turbocharger (TC)
  • MGU-H (which recovers energy generated by heat)
  • MGU-K (which recovers energy generated by braking)
  • Battery (ES)
  • Electronic control unit (EC)
  • Exhaust system (EX), actually made up of four separate elements.

A limited number of copies of each of these seven elements can be used in the year by each driver. Article 28.2 a) of the F1 Sporting Regulations provides as well as “any pilot may use no more than 3 engines (ICE), 3 MGU-H, 3 turbochargers (TC), 2 batteries (ES), 2 electronic control units (EC), 3 MGU-K and 8 of each of the […] four elements constituting an exhaust system assembly during a championship”.

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As for the penalties, here is how they are determined, under the aegis of article 28.3 of the same regulation:

  • The first time an additional (i.e. out of quota) element is used, a penalty of 10 grid places is imposed.
  • The next time, if an additional element of the same type is used, a penalty of 5 grid places is imposed.
  • The penalties are cumulative, that is to say that if several elements are changed at once, the penalties are added together.
  • However, from the moment the total exceeds 15 places, the driver concerned is automatically sent back to the back of the grid. If several drivers are in this case, they are classified at the back of the grid according to their classification during qualifying.
  • To prevent the same driver from “stockpiling” new parts by accumulating penalties during the same Grand Prix, only the last unit fitted for each element may be used during the following GPs without penalty. The others will cause penalties as soon as they are used by applying the same logic. There is therefore no practical interest in changing the same element several times during a race.
  • Finally, the parts are in fact linked to the car and not to the driver. Consequently, if a driver is temporarily or permanently replaced during the season, his successor inherits the engine allowance used so far.

Now that the basics are laid, in order to find your way around in the 2022 season, we suggest you take stock thanks to the following tables. The first takes stock of the situation at the end of the previous GP and the second indicates the changes for the current GP:

Engines – The state of play before the Hungarian GP

The yellow boxes indicate the parts for which the limit has been reached, the red ones the parts for which the quota has been exceeded.

ECI

Quota = 3

CT

Quota = 3

MGU-H

Quota = 3

MGU-K

Quota = 3

ES

Quota = 2

THIS

Quota = 2

EX

Quota = 8

Russell 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
hamilton 2 3 3 2 2 2 3
Verstappen 2 2 2 2 1 1 4
Perez 2 2 2 2 1 2 4
Leclerc 4 4 4 4 2 3 7
sainz 4 4 4 4 2 3 5
Ricciardo 2 2 2 2 1 1 2
Norris 3 3 3 3 1 1 3
Alonso 5 5 5 4 4 4 5
Ocon 3 3 3 3 2 2 3
Gasly 3 3 3 3 2 2 5
Tsunoda 4 4 4 4 3 3 5
Stroll 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Vettel 2 2 2 3 2 2 2
Albon 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Latifi 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Boots 4 5 5 4 2 3 5
Zhou 3 3 3 3 2 2 4
Magnussen 4 4 4 4 2 2 5
Schumacher 3 3 3 3 2 2 5

Engines – New parts installed during the Hungarian GP

The yellow squares indicate the parts which make the pilot reach the authorized limit, the red the parts which make him exceed the quota.

ECI CT MGU-H MGU-K ES THIS EX Penalty
expected
Norris X None

The rules and inventory for gearboxes

In 2022, the rules concerning the use of gearboxes for drivers have changed compared to what was done previously: no more consecutive races that a box had to achieve, now the management of the allocation is aligned on what is done on the engine side. Each driver has a number of parts per year to use as they see fit, and as soon as this quota is exceeded, a penalty applies.

More precisely, two types of parts are concerned (called “Restricted-Number Components”, or RNC, by the regulations): on the one hand, roughly, the gearbox itself and on the other the casing. In both cases, the limit per year for a calendar of 22 Grands Prix is ​​four. As soon as a piece exceeds this quota, five penalty places apply, regardless of whether it is the first time the overrun has occurred or not.

Gearboxes – The state of play before the Hungarian GP

The yellow boxes indicate the parts for which the limit has been reached, the red ones the parts for which the quota has been exceeded.

Box housing

Quota = 4

Gearbox

Quota = 4

Russell 3 3
hamilton 2 2

Verstappen

3 3
Perez 3 3
Leclerc 3 3
sainz 3 3
Ricciardo 3 3
Norris 3 3
Alonso 3 3
Ocon 3 3
Gasly 3 3
Tsunoda 3 3
Stroll 2 2
Vettel 2 2
Albon 2 2
Latifi 2 2
Boots 4 3
Zhou 4 3
Magnussen 3 3
Schumacher 4 4

Gearboxes – New parts installed during the Hungarian GP

The yellow squares indicate the parts which make the pilot reach the authorized limit, the red the parts which make him exceed the quota.

Box housing Gearbox Expected penalty
Verstappen X X None
Vettel X X None

#engines #drivers #Hungaroring


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